Conditions and perspectives of rural breeding of Pangasius hypophthalmus in Jambi
The breeding of Pangasius hypophthalmus has known a very important development these last five years. At the Jambi’s market around 2 tons of Pangasius hypophthalmus are sold every day. In ponds, the techniques are mastered and results are good, but producers have to face marketing problems. During the dry season, lots of ponds and cages in Jambi’s area become dry and the fish farmers are obliged to sell their production, resulting in market saturation and low prices.
In cages, there is a problem of mortality; the mortality rate is very high with an average of 37%. Consequently, fish farmers lose a lot of money. The mortality seems to be due to water quality. Since the economic crisis the price of feed has been increasing steadily. Thus, the profitability of aquaculture has been decreasing. Some farmers have even been obliged to abandon the production.
But the number of exploitations still grows. Solutions must be found to ensure the sustainability of aquaculture. Two different paths can be considered: the reduction of the production cost and the research of new markets.
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